It’s Nick from Debate Academy and today we’re going to learn what a basic debate round looks like. We’ll include speech orders, their length, and the purpose of each. This will help you understand what’s happening in each speech and what you should be doing.
In a debate round there are 8 total speeches.
Each individual debater has 2 speeches per round.
There are four affirmative speeches and four negative speeches.
Each team has two constructive speeches and two rebuttals.
In the constructive speeches, the debaters are building up their arguments with new evidence or “constructing” an argument. Constructive speeches are 8 minutes.
In the rebuttals, debaters are summarizing, synthesizing, and condensing down to their best arguments. Rebuttals are 5 minutes.
Between each constructive speech there is a 3 minute cross-examination. Cross-examination is when the opposite team can ask questions of the debater who just finished speaking. Finally, each team gets 8 minutes of prep or preparation time. They can use this between speeches to review this arguments, look for evidence, or coordinate with their partner.
So the speeches are as follows:
First affirmative constructive, CX, first negative constructive, CX, second affirmative constructive, CX, second negative constructive, CX, first negative rebuttal, first affirmative rebuttal, second negative rebuttal, and second affirmative rebuttal.
Most debaters shorten the team sides to A or N and constructive and rebuttal to C or R. Therefore, the first affirmative constructive would be the 1ac. The second negative rebuttal would be 2nr.
You’ll notice that both sides have an advantage.
The aff speaks first and last while the neg has a huge block of arguments in the middle.
To recap: each debater speaks twice. There are 8 total speeches in the round. The constructives are for building new arguments while rebuttals are for condensing. The constructives are 8 minutes, rebuttals are 5, CX’s are 3, and prep for each team is 8.
That’s all for this lesson. Congratulations on taking the next step to become a successful policy debater. I’ll see you in the next episode.