Hey everyone! It’s Nick from Debate Academy and today we’re going to learn the parts of a disadvantage and how to run one. These are important to know because they are the most standard negative argument to win rounds.
A disadvantage or DA is the negative response to counter the affirmative advantages. A DA is a negative consequence, side-effect, or trade-off caused by the aff plan. DAs are read in the 1nc or the very first negative speech.
There are four building blocks of a DA and the neg must win all four to win the DA.
First, Uniqueness is the way things are currently/status quo and they are generally good. Second, the Link is the trade-off caused by the plan changing the status quo
Third, the Internal Link is the connection between the link and impact. It is the “snowball” effect that is caused by the link.
Finally, the Impact is the horrible negative result. Impact means that same thing here as it does in the aff case.
So in the context of our previous organic, local salad restaurant aff, the neg could make a spending DA. The uniqueness could be that we’ve saved our money. The link would be that the salads are expensive because they have quality ingredients. The internal link would be that if we keep spending money on things we will deplete our savings. The impact would be that overspending means we’ll be in poverty.
One visual way of depicting the DA is through a character called “Stickman Bob”. The uniqueness is that Stickman Bob is on the edge of this cliff. He’s doing well because he’s hanging out and he has a nice breeze. The link would be that someone comes by and gives Bob a push. The internal link would be a slide that takes Bob down from the cliff. And the impact would be that there’s spikes at the bottom that chop Bob in half.
To recap: the disadvantage is a negative argument that argues that the aff causes a bad result from the plan. The four parts are uniqueness or current situation, link or trade-off, internal link or connection, and impact or bad result.
That’s all for this lesson. Congratulations on taking the next step to become a successful policy debater. I’ll see you in the next episode.