Hey everyone!

It’s John from Debate Academy and today we’re going to learn the four main parts of the affirmative case. You need to know the foundational parts of the aff case because it’s the very beginning of every single debate round. Knowing these parts will ensure that your case flows logically and is easy to defend.

The four pieces of the affirmative case are: inherency, harms/advantage, plan, solvency. They are presented in every 1st affirmative constructive. If the affirmative loses any one of these four essential parts, they lose the entire round.

Inherency is current system or status quo. It describes the way things are now and it’s arguing that not enough is being done about the problem.

Harms/Advantage is the very bad outcome that will occur if nothing is done. They often end in war, economic collapse, and other bad things.

Plan–This is the specific, one sentence proposed action that we talked about in the last lesson.

Solvency–Explains how  the plan can actually fix the harms/advantage in more detail.

Let’s continue with our going somewhere to eat example.  

For our harms we can say the majority of americans are getting chemicals and preservatives in their diet. These make us quite unhealthy in the long term.

Our Plan could be to go to a restaurant with local, organic salads on the menu.

Our Solvency would be that these salads have fresh ingredients, no preservatives, and tons of essential vitamins and minerals to improve our overall health.

I saved inherency for last. Pro-tip: inherency basically explains that the plan has not yet happened. So inherency here would be that we have not gone to a restaurant with healthy salads.

To recap, the affirmative case is made up of: inherency, harms/advantage, plan, and solvency.

That’s all for this lesson. Congratulations on taking the next step to become a successful policy debater. I’ll see you in the next episode.

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