Hey everyone! It’s Nick from Debate Academy and today we’re going to learn the aff answers to the DA. You need to know these basics so that you won’t lose to DAs and so that you can anticipate 2ac responses when you are neg.
There are seven possible types of aff responses to the DA that are read in the 2ac or the second aff speech.
Non-Unique: argues that the uniqueness is actually the opposite or that the status quo is bad. In our previous example, instead of having a bunch of money saved, the non-unique would argue that we’re all broke. In our stickman example, this would be that Bob is already off the cliff, not on the edge.
No-Link: argues that the plan has no effect on the DA. We could say that the restaurant is actually giving out salads for free. In the stickman example, this would be that he isn’t pushed at all.
No-Internal Link: is that the connection between the link and the impact doesn’t exist. We could argue that spending money on salads a few times would not cause poverty, we save money in other areas. For stickman, this would be that there’s a hole in the slide so he does not land on the spike.
No-impact: is an argument that says the neg Impact actually isn’t that bad or doesn’t exist. We could say that losing a good amount of money won’t be so bad and we still have a home and food. For the cliff example, the no-impact would say that the spikes don’t exist or that Bob has a parachute.
A Link-turn: is that the plan actually reverses the DA and that the link is the opposite. We could say that we are saving money by buying salads because we were going to buy an expensive steak. For the cliff example, this would be a helicopter saving Bob or pushing him away from the edge.
An Impact-turn: argues that that the impact is actually a good thing. In our salad example, it would be that losing all our money might be good because then we can be more frugal and focus on non-material things. For Stickman Bob, an impact turn would be that instead of spikes at the bottom of the cliff, there’s actually a huge trampoline filled with puppies so he’s super happy.
Finally, the 2ac can use impact calculus. This is saying that the aff impact is bigger, faster, more likely, and causes the neg impact. We’ll get into this in more detail in the next lesson.
So to recap: the aff can answer the da by reading a non-unique, no-link, no-internal link, no-impact, link-turn, or impact-turn.
That’s all for this lesson. Congratulation on taking the next step to become a successful policy debater. I’ll see you in the next episode.